The Andean cock-of-the-rock is the National Bird of Peru. But that couldn’t have been an easy decision to make.
You can almost imagine the debates that would have gone on within the Selection Committee. One contingency arguing for the majestic Andean condor (only the largest flying bird in the world), another making a pitch for any number of hummingbird species—perhaps the Marvelous Spatuletail. The Amazon delegation would certainly have been lobbying for one of its colorful macaw species, or maybe the lanky Jabiru Stork.
While such a plethora of bird species might have been problematic for Peru’s National Bird Selection Committee (note—there is no evidence of such a committee ever existing), it can be a delight for bird watchers.
There are presently over 1,830 bird species in Peru—that’s more than North America and Europe combined. This is due to a unique combination of geographical, climate and evolutionary factors. Peru’s location in the central-west of the South American continent, the two currents that feed its coasts and the presence of the Andes Mountains create ideal conditions for such a remarkably diverse range of bird species.
Three principal birdwatching routes have been developed that allow birdwatchers to cover a great many zones of life: the Northern Route, the Central Route and the Southern Route. Each route crosses the country from west to east in the form of transects at different altitudes, with the corresponding variation in birdlife. It is possible to record lists of several hundred species on each trip.
Whether you’re an accomplished birder or someone who simply appreciates the beauty and splendor of our winged friends, Peru offers a bird watching experience of a lifetime.
Are you ready to scope the birds of Peru? Then dust off your binoculars, and check out the trip below.